Uzbekistan: Defender of farmers' rights Azam Formonov spends 10th birthday behind bars

Azam Formonov
Brussels-Dublin-Paris-Geneva - December 15, 2015 - The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders (FIDH-OMCT), FIDH member organisation "Fiery Hearts Club", the Association for Human Rights in Central Asia, the Uzbek-German Forum for Human Rights, Front Line Defenders and the International Partnership for Human Rights (IPHR) join Azam Formonov's family in wishing Azam strength for his 37th birthday which he spent locked up in prison. The health of Uzbek human rights defender has degraded remarkably during the ten years he has spent behind bars. Unless the international and business communities dealing with Uzbekistan make a decisive breakthrough in urging the government to stop maltreating its citizens and liberate Azam Formonov along with dozens of prisoners of conscience, he will languish in prison for at least another four years. His only crime is his activism in the association Human Rights Society of Uzbekistan (HRSU).
Head of the regional branch of the HRSU, Mr. Azam Formonov has worked to defend farmers' rights. A few days before his arrest in April 2006, he intended to help two farmers defend their rights against a state-owned petrol company. Once detained, Azam Formonov was held incommunicado for weeks and tortured to confess to charges of extortion. Investigators suffocated him with gas masks, and beat him repeatedly with clubs for over a week. Stripped of the right to legal defense of his choice, he was sentenced to nine years in prison in June 2006.
We reiterate our urgent call to countries and corporations dealing with Uzbekistan to use their leverage in order to liberate Azam Formonov and all those who languish in prisons for having stood up for citizen's rights", insisted FIDH President Karim Lahidji.
A few days ahead of his due release in April 2015, he was tried without legal representation for allegedly violating detention facility rules and sentenced to another five years and 26 days on fabricated charges. Azam Formonov thus joined other Uzbek prisoners of conscience, whose prison sentences have been arbitrarily extended on the basis of vague accusations of “violating prison rules”. The sentences of some human rights defenders have been prolonged so many times that their prison terms have become de facto life imprisonment. 
"The practice of extending sentences for alleged violation of prison rules is a severe breach of human rights. The relevant article of the Criminal Code must be repealed as a matter of urgency", stressed Mutabar Tadjibaeva, President of "Fiery Hearts Club".
Detained in a detention facility in Jaslyk known as the "death zone" for its extremely harsh climate and severe detention conditions, Azam Formonov has reported being tortured, beaten and often placed in solitary confinement with no heating. He suffers from severe kidney pains, that are exacerbated by the harsh, cold weather, and poor heating in cells in winter, while in summer the temperature can go up to 40 degrees, unbearable in tiny, overcrowded and poorly ventilated cells.
During his nine-years' imprisonment, Mr. Formonov has been spreading the information about the ill-treatment in his jail without possibility to appeal to any authority. In a letter written in May 2015, he described the terrifying conditions of detention and tortures he endured. We are extremely concerned for the physical and psychological integrity of Azam Formonov and other human rights defenders in jail”, said Mary Lawlor, director of Front Line Defenders.
The lack of any sort of investigation into the ill-treatment of Mr. Formonov is completely unacceptable and evidences the catastrophic situation of human rights in the country”, declared Gerald Staberock, OMCT Secretary General.
Azam Formonov is not receiving the necessary medical treatment. His wife, caring for their two children alone, is permitted to visit her husband less often than specified in the prison rules. She spends days in the prison zone before being allowed to see her husband.
The situation in Uzbekistan remains perilous for human rights defenders who are constantly persecuted, denied their right to a fair trial and imprisoned on fabricated charges. The authorities’ fierce grip on society eliminates any critical voices that could expose the country's violations of human rights: forced labour and continued child slavery in cotton fields, forced sterilisation of women, the absence of independent media and political participation, arbitrary detentions, and torture. The Russian human rights watchdog Human Rights Center "Memorial" puts the figure at 10,000, while Uzbek human rights organisations report more than 12,000 people detained on politically motivated charges.
The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders (OBS) was created in 1997 by FIDH and the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT). The objective of this programme is to intervene to prevent or remedy to situations of repression against human rights defenders.


Uzbekistan: Former political prison not granted identity document

Murad Djuraev
Uzbekistan should urgently issue a new identity document to former political prisoner Murad Djuraev, who was recently released from prison after 21 years in detention, the Association of Human Rights in Central Asia (AHRCA) and International Partnership for Human Rights (IPHR) said on Tuesday.

On 12 November 2015 63-year-old Murad Djuraev, former Member of Parliament, was released from detention after 21 years. He was originally sentenced to 12 years in prison but his sentence was arbitrarily extended another four times for alleged violations of prison rules. 

Murad Djuraev urgently requires medical treatment for chronic illnesses which he developed in prison. He fell sick with tuberculosis in detention and has kidney problems following torture by over exposure to cold. The long years without medical assistance have left him suffering from chronic inflammation of the nose, throat and ears which causes shortness of breath and persistent headaches. Murad Djuraev lost his teeth when in prison. He suffers also from nervous and physical exhaustion.

Murad Djuraev is now living at home with his family in the town of Mubarek in Kashkadariya region. AHRCA was informed that he has not been able to obtain a new compulsory passport. Without this identity document, it is impossible for him to travel inside Uzbekistan, particularly at the present time when law enforcement officials have the right to detain any person they are suspicious of. Without a passport, he cannot buy a train ticket, complete registration formalities at his place of residence or undergo medical treatment. 

The lack of an passport therefore restricts Murad Djuraev’s fundamental human rights, such as freedom of movement and access to urgent medical care. 

In Uzbekistan, new passports are often not issued to former political prisoners for long periods of time after their release from detention. The authorities use this as a means of controlling their activities. In explaining the delay in issuing identity documents, officials refer to normative acts and legislation, which violate constitutional principles and international human rights law.

AHRCA and IPHR call on the authorities of Uzbekistan to issue Murad Djuraev with a passport without delay, to enable him to access the medical treatment he urgently requires. 

Background information:  

On 21 May 1995 the Supreme Court convicted Murad Djuraev to 12 years in prison in a strict regime colony after an unfair trial without the right to appeal. He was accused of conspiring with the leader of the opposition party "Erk" Muhammad Salih with the aim of overthrowing the government of Uzbekistan. 
Murad Djuraev was tortured by officials of the National Security Services and the Ministry of Internal Affairs in pre-trial detention. He was forced to “confess” to crimes which he maintains he did not commit. Human rights activists and observers are convinced that Murad Djuraev was punished for his critical statements in parliament, his support of the “Birlik” opposition movement and his support of opposition journalists and writers. He was also tortured in prison.